The people of Azerbaijan have always been famous for their excellent skills in processing metals, and giving them an amazing shape. About twenty-three centuries ago it was bronze and gold. And the purpose of these objects was not only ritual, these precious things were used in everyday life. The material and cultural values of the time include such simple but necessary things as dishes, various weapons, for example, daggers and axes, items of clothing: belts and ornaments. All these artifacts of gray antiquity were found during archaeological surveys on the lands of Azerbaijan. Now they decorate the showcases of museums with their soft shine and you can see them during the tour of Azerbaijan.
Centuries passed, and the magnificent ability to process metals and give them the right shape in the territory of the ancient state was constantly improved and reached a high level by the Middle Ages. During the Middle Ages, craftsmen forged metal weapons, household utensils, dishes of copper and silver, metal chests, original jewelry and jewelry, some of which could be preserved to be seen by our contemporaries. Confirmation is the handicrafts found by archaeologists. This is bronze sculptures, and figures of animals, birds, kazans, all kinds of pitchers. Later they were made of precious metals, ornamented with ornaments, body belts, headdresses. Often the ornament of chased images intertwined with the letters of the Arabic alphabet, which made them more beautiful.
Today samples of archaeological excavations are in world museums. Of these, more than eight dozen types of products made of copper and silver with various denominations are known. Metal objects were manufactured in several ways, the main of which was considered embossing, stamping, glazing, maracavigation, enameling, shebek. The easiest and oldest method was considered chasing, and the harbor was used in silverware, since chrome on this valuable metal allows you to have white distinct lines. The areas around the figure were covered with a substance of black color. In this way, valuable products were produced: daggers, pistols, belts, powder flasks. Such beauty you will not see and during rest in Uzbekistan. For the coinage required skill and good sharp eyesight. Masters worked with tools such as a hammer and a sharp cutter. The embossing method was performed by imposing gold, silver, and possibly other metal elements on the patterned forms and fought off with a wooden hammer, which gave the desired shape to the drawing. It was used to make bracelets, buttons, belts.
Shebeke is the production of objects with the use of thin threads intertwined in the lace of a pattern or pattern. The mode of Shebek is distinguished by 2 types: the first is the creation of the very object from the complex plexus of precious metal threads, the second is the covering of the surface with a lace wire drawing of the product. Jewelers, cherishing the traditions of Azerbaijan in this area, pay attention to the great heritage of Hatamkarlig. This method was used on the surface of products to decorate a saber, daggers. Artisans drilled a small depth in the surface, then in the holes, following the exquisite forms of the ornament, carnations, gold and silver, were hammered, and also nails forged from painted metal. Subsequently, the hats of the nails resembled a mosaic beautiful figure. The masters required a special skill and taste, in which Azerbaijani artisans achieved high skill and recognition.
Glazing gave the jewelry art an unprecedented and unattainable height. The technique of glazing is to fill a pattern or pattern with a glazed mixture. On the surface of metal products made from precious materials, shapes or patterns with images of animals, plants, birds are placed, and liquid is poured into the formed depression. The magic of the multicolored Azerbaijani glaze raises delight and admiration in many people. The main glazing colors used are black, light pink, blue, green, red. Each paint was different in its specifics, and when heated, it was covered with a film that retains its color from the spreading. Bright examples of the art of the current masters can be seen in some hotels in Azerbaijan.