There are many cities skillfully combine past centuries beauty either modern life rhythm. Remaining ruins from old buildings, ancient streets with canals, clear water, adjacent skyscrapers, banks, renovated constructions, shady parks, squares, erected recently.
These eastern cities could be compared against Rome, Paris, Tokyo, Delhi, Budapest, but here is something distinguishes them from other world capitals.
When travelers get into large Uzbekistan cities, they feel an oriental tale. Bukhara, Samarkand, Khiva, Khorezm, people have heard about them. Toshkent seems less ancient among them, yet also deserves special attention, if only because recognized country capital. He appears famous primarily because silk, bread, cotton, tobacco, fruits. If tourist decide visit such place, our company https://eastroute.com offer the best Tashkent hotels.
Historical events go back centuries. Whence an illustrative example, one may take Ming-Uryuk settlement ruins, or remaining feudal castles, fortified two layers walls, which testify venerable age.
Town is located beside Chirchik River oasis fertile lands that are famous over their cotton, fruits, vegetables. “Toshkent” translated like stone village, because once could reflect nomadic tribes’ raids.
During 5-9 centuries that place called Binkent. However, according Biruni, name supplanted by Turks who came Samanid 10th century end where founded Karakhanid state.
Previously, 7th century, Asia became invaded by Arabs. They crossed Amu Darya River then began systematic seizure Turan lands. First Bukhara, Samarkand were captured, then Chach, whence capital called. Devastated under Arab conquerors, town abandoned population; they left northwest their former residence place, founded settlement on Boz suv channel banks. During period, religion Islam, Arabic script, culture spread throughout East. 9th centenary township territory was located inside old current site. After time, trade, economic relations, especially cultural achievements began develop. Era went down into history under name “Eastern Renaissance”. It’s not worth talking about crafts development; here comes only some most developed:
- glass production;
- carpet weaving;
- metal, leather, wood processing;
- paper production;
- wood carving, ganch etc.
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Caravanserais were built so that traders walking along Great Silk Road could relax, feed their livestock.
Binkent appeared not just holiday destination; it made products, successfully exported them. At 10th age end, township became fraction Karakhanids state.
1219, Genghis Khan attacks country so township passes Mongols. Devastation, famine began; territory almost halved. Town restoration associated Amir Temur featuring his descendants’ era.
XIV, early XV centuries whereby Timur empire part, borough regains fortified fortress status, territory expanding, production, trades being established, culture developing. Placement surrounded by new wall; Amir Temur himself attached great importance toward this fortified place whereby strategic point.
Everything changed 17-18 centuries, metropolis left towards one or other rulers, during which time stayed under Ashtarkhanids, Kazakh tribes, Kashgar Khoja, Bukhara Khanate.
Kokand Khanate enters historical arena. At 19th centenary beginning, borough lost independence, becoming this state side. Only at same era end, when Central Asia became subordinate Tsarist Russia, urban area restores its status.
Not far off old town built new Russian Toshkent, which often called East Petersburg. Russians started gather here, urban area grow rapidly, becoming an industrial center. So cultural side replenished against new architectural style form Romanov’s residence, other structures erected Russian style.
Silk Road tours price looks not high, although beautiful impressions guaranteed.
What will surprise tourists now? Here considered primarily the largest eastern bazaar in whole country, where explorers may buy anything including silk fabrics, gold jewelry to sweet fruits and fragrant melons.
Architectural style often called expressive, having ultra-modern constructions medieval buildings neighborhood, which gives greater flavor. There are numerous parks, squares, fountains. Comfortable hotels have been built for tourists. Various museums, exhibitions, mausoleums, temples tell about local rulers, prominent personalities.
Most significant historical sites:
- Kukeldash Madrasah
- Shaikhantur ensemble including three mausoleums
- Hast-Imom Square, considered Islamic center
- Barak Khan Madrasah
- Tilla Sheikh Mosque
- Abu Bakr Kaffali Shashi Mausoleum
- Islamic Institute named after Imam al-Bukhari
Special concerns considered Zangi-Ata mausoleum, located south few kilometers off main hub.
Sheikh Ai-Khoja, known throughout Muslim world, found his peace. Guides very fond telling legend related righteous Tamerlane.
Several monuments related to republic communist past still exist. Despite some negative points, those times appeared favorable for Uzbekistan. Main buildings include metro, circus, theaters. During Soviet period, metropolis became industrial either transport center of region.
Nowadays, capital looks blooming, pleasing residents and guests. Parks, squares often hold concerts, amateur shows, national dances, singing.
Megacity welcomes guests; it seems extremely hospitable megalopolis throughout Central Asia. Prices for tours Uzbekistan available on our website https://eastroute.com, everybody will be pleasantly surprised!