Tajikistan is considered the country of the ancient culture, leaving the roots in a far antiquity. The Tadjik culture is unique, since Tadjiks have brought a huge mite in a spiritual basis of a civilisation, they have presented to the world of outstanding scientists, poets and the architects, which names to this day at many on lips. These are known products of the founder of the Tadjik-Persian literature of Abuabdullo Rudaki, «the Canon of a medical science» Abuali Ibn Sino (Avicenna) in a current of many centuries served as the basic support on medicine educational institutions of Europe. Great scientific Al-Horazmi, Al-Forobi and AburajhonBeruni, the Lobster Khayyam, Rumi, Saadi, Hafiz, Dzhami, masters of art creativity of Borbad, Attract, Behzod were known outside of ancient Sogdiana, Khurasan and Maverannahra.
Ancient cult constructions and finds of Tajikistan testify to cultural development and concern to VI – V centuries BC It is art metal, stone and terracotta products. Archeologists about the city of Pendzhikenta have found cult and inhabited constructions, and also various lists, a sculpture, VII-VIII centuries. By the star you are given to majestic architectural monuments presented in the form of mosques and medrese.
That fact is interesting that the earths of Tajikistan since ancient times were on important trading ways of the Great Silk way which connected the East and the West. The great Silk way promoted revival of trade and a cultural, ideological exchange, connected possession of Bactria – Taharistana, Sogdiana, Istaravshan (Usrushan) and Fergana with India, Afghanistan and China. For example, jewelry, fabrics from silk and colour salt were in demand Sogd leather products from a skin. From Sogd sheep and horses were taken out.
Special cultural development the Tadjik people have reached at the time of state Samanids board (874-1005), at the time of board Ismaila Samani. Tremendous successes in sciences, literatures, astronomies, mathematicians, natural sciences, philosophy are reached. Scientists-historians name board Samanids time «the Golden Age of the Tadjik civilisation. Thanks to it, in 1999 the Tadjik people marked solemn celebrating of the 1100 anniversary of the state Samanids. The international conferences were spent To holidays in many countries of the world.
Present cultural life of Tajikistan is presented by the State opera and ballet theatre of Ajni, the Tadjik drama theatre of Lahuti, Russian Drama theatre, Academy of Sciences, the state universities, historical museums, museums of the fine arts, botanical gardens.
The capital of Tajikistan – Dushanbe is the cultural centre. Every year here various international festivals of music, dance, cinema and folklore are held. Here there are 180 libraries. Most known of them the State library of Firdousi, here is stored the big collection of medieval east manuscripts. Among 20 museums are most known the Historical in Dushanbe Historical and Ethnographic museums of Academy of Sciences. Museums of local lore are available in Khojend and other regional centres.
Today the Tadjik people hold sacred and store traditions in clothes, way of life, meal. Acknowledgement to that present men-Tadjiks in skullcaps and the embroidered dressing gowns, and on women the colour embroidered dresses with trousers, a headdress serves a kerchief, and on heads of young girls it is possible to see till 40-60 plaits. On fine Tadjik dastarkhan you will be pleasantly surprised with national dishes “chak-chak-chak”, a trout “on-vahshski”, «kala pocha» both other tasty dishes and baked.