The Georgian capital has always been famous for its numerous churches and cathedrals, it becomes a source of inspiration for the brilliant creators, as well as a place where a variety of historical events were unfolding. One of these places is the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, rightly referred to as the tallest building in Tbilisi and in the country as a whole.
The ancient temple of options really impressive
The height of the temple has undergone little renovation in 2004, more than a hundred meters. author of the project became well known in the country, the architect Archil Mindiashvili, chose St. Elias hill as the site of construction. Today it offers a magnificent view of the Kurus. Cathedral Upper reaches a height of almost seventy meters, and taking into account the cross nadkupolnogo – almost eighty meters. The temple covers an area 77h65 meters and the total area of the whole complex of more than 5000 square kilometers.
The construction of the temple took architects from around the world, for example, nine bells, the largest of which weighs nearly 8 tonnes, were made to the church in Germany. Each bell can work in an electronic or mechanical mode.
In order to present all the massiveness of this facility, suffice it to say, at the same time fifteen thousand believers may be inside the temple. Taken care of architects and reliable protection from the complex seismic activity inherent in these places. Despite its massiveness, the temple can withstand an average earthquake.
The history of the construction of the church conceals many mysteries
For the first time the construction of the temple began to speak in 1989, when there was exactly 2000 years of Christianity and a half thousand years of autocephaly.Plans builders who wanted to perpetuate such a significant historical event, brutal way destroyed the military conflict that occurred in 1992. Because of this, the builders were able to start work only November 23, 1995.
Following an ancient tradition, the architects have laid the foundation of the temple in a variety of artifacts brought from various holy sites:
- Earth taken from the tomb of St. George;
- Stones from the Jordan River;
- The land of Jerusalem;
- Stones brought by the mountain of Zion.
His contribution to the construction made by representatives of the secular authorities and the clergy. For example, the president of the country donated inscribed commemorative plates, and representatives of the Orthodox Church – antique coins made of gold. The first full-fledged service here last December 25, 2002 immediately after the official opening ceremony. Sacred Council, held on the day of St. George, the patron saint of the country, led by Catholicos Ilya II. Immediately after the ceremony of the lighting in the new church moved the chair of the Georgian Orthodox Church.
A special place in the history of the temple occupies the story associated with the possible facts of blatant disrespect for the remains of the people buried in the old Armenian cemetery. It is believed that the temple was built exactly on the place of burial of ethnic Armenians. Builders not only disturbed the ashes of the dead, but did not even bother to rebury it. No less sad fate awaited and numerous tombstones that have been unable to find then. The Armenian government and the Diaspora have expressed an official protest about this.
If you look closely at the temple, you can easily notice the stylistic dissonance between the surrounding scenery and places of worship. It is believed that it is specially built to give the old village a more modern appearance. Financing the construction provide the local authorities and sponsors.
The architecture and interior of the Cathedral of Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi
Having been here at least once, you will immediately notice the specific non-standard architectural solutions used by local architects. For example, many of the elements combine features of classical and modern style. Near the church is located, and other architectural structures:
- The massive bell tower;
- The residence of the Georgian Patriarch;
- Office Seminary;
- Theological Seminary;
- Recreational areas and so forth.
Erected in the territory of the temple complex of architects and nine chapels, each of which has its own unique look:
- Archangels John the Baptist;
- St. Nina;
- St. George;
- The Twelve Apostles and all the saints;
- St. Nicholas, and so on.
Five of the above churches were built at a depth of almost thirteen meters below the main complex.
Today, the church has become a popular place to visit
Today the interior of the church, whose facade is decorated with a unique in its beauty carving, making it look more like a classic museum, rather than the religious building. Each icon is provided with a small plate that allows find brief information about it and its author. In the area of the altar can be found a handwritten version of the Bible, is the result of work already advanced creative teams.
Inside the church is exactly thirteen thrones. To make the floor the architects chose to use marble tile, decorated with mosaics. The process of painting the walls of the temple led the famous Amiran Goglidze, Ilia II, and so on. Each of them took a direct part in the formation of the interior decoration of the church. For example, the Patriarch of the hand belongs to the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary, located at the entrance.