The history of the Silk Road begins in the eastern empire of China. Initially, caravans shipped silks and various goods within the country, from the center to the west. But they, like any merchants, were often robbed. Then, in the two hundred years before Christ, the Han dynasty ruled the empire. To secure their caravan, the government sent a general to the west as an ambassador, to agree. There were nomadic settlements and three western principalities Yutian, Loulan, Tsyuzy. The general went further, to the countries of Central Asia. Trade and diplomatic relations were established by the ambassador and his warriors. The rulers of the principalities went to central China to thank the dynasty for the initiative. Since then, trade relations have been established and caravaners without fear could move along their paths.
The aforementioned settlements in the future were abandoned by the inhabitants. Now in their place are only remnants of the settlements and the ruins of buildings. Choosing a tour to China, note that Yutan is now a town of Hatyan.
When the Chinese government was the Tang dynasty, the Great Silk Road failed. The trade could not develop, because several western principalities and tribes were up in arms against the government. In the end, the government managed to return, but it did not last long. At the end of the first millennium, trade stopped, influence over the West was lost.
The dynasty owes this short-lived world to the ancient and famous monk Xuanjiang. He traveled along the Great Way, passing along the road to the settlements, where unbridled, ignorant people lived. The judgments about these people turned out to be wrong, so the monk established friendly relations with them, and at the same time reconciled them with his masters.
After the Tang Dynasty, power passed into the hands of the Yuan Dynasty. Trade resumed and rose to unprecedented levels. It was at this time that Genghis Khan conquered the lands around China and united all into one great Empire.
The famous Marco Polo, a research scientist from Italy, traveled along the Great Silk Road. And so a book appeared about the Eastern States.
Trade held a special place in the lives of people and the country. The Yuan Dynasty ordered each merchant or merchant to issue a tablet giving permission and confirming identity. Marco Polo wrote about this and many other things. A sightseeing tour to China will acquaint you with the culture of the Silk country, and, most likely, in the historical museums of the country you will see those plank yourself.
The Chinese traded silk, in return for precious stones and overseas items. The slave trade is also flourishing.
Soon the Great Silk Road will face competition in the form of sea routes, which will be safer and cheaper.