Country’s policy lawbook described Constitution took December 8, 1992.Preparing main principle, legislature studied world structures practice. Legislators used fundamental UN rules, international law, Human Rights Declaration. Law composed preamble, 6 sections, 26 chapters, 128 articles. They are mandatory for trip to Uzbekistan. The first section describes basic principles which nation live/ land exist. Second part includes primary citizens’ rights and obligations. Third mentioned economyand social life priorities. Fourth gives country definition, administrative, territorial entities. Next covers administration objectives. The latter regulates process necessary create clause changes. December 8 declared holiday.
Oliy Majlis- highest representative control. Legislative force acquired 1993,relevant ordinance acceptance. First convocation deputies were favorites took place 1994. During voting, 250 specialists elected form single chamber 5 years period. Various political parties’ representatives work in parliament. For becoming deputy, men must be minimum 25. This structure considered lawmaking organ. Its spokesperson are work legislative activities. Deputies have inviolable person’s status. Their meetings held every six months.
Head of state
President Deals with issues land development townsfolk. He managed executive power, chairperson Cabinet of Ministers. Candidates’ age who participatemust at least 35. They must reside here ten years before election. Mandatory item- language knowledge. A citizen keep right power for no more than two consecutive terms. President – maintaining democracy, compliance with main law, represents at meetings. It also controls compliance world principles/agreements.When powers expiration, becomes constitutional trial member, where works untilretirement. The first Pres. was Islam Karimov. Current leader- Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
Chief perform selection Cabinet candidates. Then group must receive Oliy Majlis approval. They monitor laws/decreesenforcement. Additionally, organ monitors Leader’s instructions implementation. It also makes laws/regulations. Orghan works Mustakillik Square.
Local governments are People’s spokesmen, Khokims council. Spot leaders- hokims. Staff selected on advice.They- enforcing place laws, regulations/decrees, that issued lawmaking branch. They engaged budget accountable territories formation. President appoints regions heads. Towns/ areas headsappointed regional hokims.
Justice system assigned courts, which considered only justice organs. There different ships types with many functions. Constitutional court considers cases norms violation, highest authority examines civil criminal administrative offenses. Supreme Economic Court works one conomic violations area. Judges elected 60 months period. Courts received legal clearance September 1993 when acceptance “On Courts” act.
Nation townspeople can take part in elections to orghans. Each citizen has one vote. Election procedure carried out according international standards. All people who turned 18 on voting day may go polls. Process- anonymous. Prisoners, public who recognized as incapable do not participate. One man cannot hold more than one post.
Prosecutor’s office engaged monitoring legislation implementation. This body created 1992. Structure- hierarchical: Attorney General-his subordinates. He engaged different areas his representatives, cities, districts selection. Сitizens work this position five years. Karakalpaks, Jokari Genes chosen. These body employees should not occupy other positions.
After independence proclamation, Republic introduced its own monetary, credit, financial structures model. State reserve includes regional, Karakalpakstan fund. Citizens/ enterprises- tax scheme subjects covers entire Republic territory.
Oliy Majlis- responsible new taxes introduction, their abolition.
Banking frame managed by Central Bank. Government provides financial resources support economic prosperity, support important industries. Foreign exchange rates set Central Bank every week, which foreigners use when booking hotel in Uzbekistan.
Defense and security
Fundamental security/ defense rules can found Military Doctrine accepted by Parliament. Document says- defensive policies comply recognized norms/agreements. President- supreme commander. He – National Security Council chairperson.